Keratoconus is a degenerative eye condition that affects the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye. It causes the cornea to become thin and cone-shaped, which can lead to distorted vision, glare and sensitivity to light. Keratoconus typically begins in adolescence and progresses gradually over time.
Symptoms of Keratoconus can include blurred vision, distorted vision, sensitivity to light, and frequent changes in the prescription of glasses or contact lenses. In advanced stages, it can cause scarring of the cornea, vision loss and a need for corneal transplant.
Diagnosis of Keratoconus is typically made by an eye doctor during a comprehensive eye exam. This may include visual acuity test, refraction test, corneal topography, and corneal thickness measurement.
Common treatment options for Keratoconus include eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct vision, Intacs (plastic inserts) and cross-linking (a procedure that strengthens the cornea). In advanced cases, a corneal transplant may be necessary.
Currently, there is no known way to prevent Keratoconus from occurring, but early diagnosis and treatment can help slow the progression of the disease and preserve vision.
Annual health check-ups and corporate health & wellness programs can play an important role in the early detection and management of Keratoconus. A comprehensive eye exam as a part of a routine check-up can help detect the early signs of the disease, and prompt referral to a specialist can help slow the progression of the disease. Corporate health & wellness programs can also promote healthy lifestyle habits, such as regular exercise and a balanced diet, which can benefit the overall health and may have a positive impact on eye health.
Diet and exercise also play an important role in maintaining overall health, which can help to protect the eyes from disease. A diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains can help to protect the eyes from damage. Exercise, particularly cardio and strength training, can also help to protect the eyes by improving circulation and reducing the risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, which can lead to eye problems.
In conclusion, Keratoconus is a degenerative eye condition that can cause distorted vision and sensitivity to light. Although there is no known way to prevent it, early diagnosis and treatment can help slow its progression and preserve vision. Regular eye exams, healthy lifestyle habits and corporate health & wellness programs can all play a role in the management and prevention of Keratoconus.