Corporate Health & Wellness Specialist – PrognoHealth


Does the flaming orange of the tandoori chicken or the shimmering blue and pink of cake icing or the rich red of chili powder make your mouth water? Beware, these enticing food colors may not merely be cosmetic, they may actually cause you harm.

What are Food Dyes?

Food dyes or colors are chemical dyes, pigments, or substances used to enhance or change the color of processed, packaged, or instant foods. Unless approved (certified) by government agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the US, many of these colors could be dangerous to consume.

Food colors are added for a variety of reasons to make stale food look fresh (such as broccoli, red carrots, tomatoes, and other green vegetables), to make food look more attractive (such as cakes, pastries, cold drinks), to protect the vitamins and minerals that can be affected by sunlight or to pretend that something else has been used (like yellow color instead of real saffron).

Why We Should Avoid Food Dyes?

• They are often made in labs with chemicals derived from coal tar and petroleum.

• They have been linked to long-term health problems such as cancer, chromosomal damage, tumors, asthma, allergies, etc.

• Synthetic food dyes may increase hyperactivity in children and also affect their ability to leaned + They do not add any nutritional value to foods, in general.

• They cause obesity by attracting children and adults to eat processed foods, instead of fresh whole and natural foods.


Dyes Approved by FDA

In the US, seven artificial colors are approved for use in food:

• Blue No. 1- Brilliant Blue

• Blue No. 2 – Indigotine

• Green No. 3 – Fast Green

• Red No, 40 – Allura Red

• Red No. 3 – Erythrosine

• Yellow No. 5 – Tartrazine

• Yellow No. 6 – Sunset Yellow

Food colors do add appeal and make foods look more appetizing, especially for children. But natural and healthy dyes and colors are always better than synthetic ones, though they may not be as bright in color. Natural food colors and dyes are derived from plant, animal, and mineral sources such as seeds, fruits, vegetables (beetroot, red cabbage, carrot), algae, grass, and turmeric.

Be alert, read the labels of packaged foods that you buy, including juices, pickles, chips, snacks, cereals, flavored milk. Learn more about unsafe food colors and avoid them. Try to eat more natural foods and less processed foods. Inculcate healthy habits in children, so they too eat healthy and natural.

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