Vitamin B 12 is an essential water-soluble vitamin that is commonly found in a variety of foods. It helps the body to absorb folic acid, which facilitates the release of energy. The human body store several years' worth of vitamin B 12 in the liver, so low levels in the body are rare. A decrease in vitamin B 12 levels is more common in elderly people, HIV-infected persons, and vegetarians.
The inability to absorb vitamin B12 from the intestinal tract can cause pernicious anemia, a type of blood disorder in which the red blood cell count decreases.
Vitamin B 12 deficiencies progress slowly, they may take several years to start affecting people. initial signs and symptoms may be subtle, but in time, they become more noticeable. The most common symptoms are fatigue, shortness of breath, palpitations, sore mouth or tongue, pale or yellowish skin, muscle weakness, menstrual problems in women, and higher susceptibility to infections.
Sources Of Vitamin B12
* Cereals ( whole grains such as oats and muesli )
* Whole eggs – contain the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin are important for eyes
* Dairy products such as milk, butter, and cheese
* Seafood ( richest source of natural vitamin B 12 )
* Meat (a rich source of vitamin which promotes good vision, stronger teeth, and mental health).
Health Benefits of Vitamin B 12
* Vitamin B 12 deficiency is linked to overall weakness and fatigue. The supplementation can help as a potential treatment to fight fatigue and tiredness.
* Proper dietary intake or supplementation of vitamin B12 along with omega-3 fatty acids could significantly reduce the chances of blood clot formation (resulting in a stroke) and heart disease, especially in vegetarians.
• Vitamin B 12 is extremely important for synthesizing the DNA of the cells. Low levels of vitamin B 12 may result in DNA or birth defects.
Do not take vitamin supplements without consulting a doctor. Overloading the body with vitamin supplements may damage the liver and heart.