The eye Is like a camera with a lens (cornea) in the front and a film (retina) at the back. The retina converts the visual image into a signal that is sent to the brain. The center point of the retina is called the macula. A healthy macula is essential For tasks involving fine vision such as reading, recognizing faces, and distinguishing things. In most cases, diseases of the retina are Irreversible; hence, the need for regular eye check-ups.
Retinal detachment is a serious eye condition that occurs when the retina separates from the tissue around it; one can permanently lose vision if the detached retina isn't repaired promptly.
A detached retina doesn't hurt, so look for these symptoms:
• Hashes of light
• Seeing floaters (small flecks or threads)
• Darkening of your peripheral (side) vision
Regular eye examinations are essential if you are nearsighted, as extreme nearsightedness Is a risk factor for retinal detachment, if you notice any of these symptoms, contact your eye doctor immediately.
Tips for Healthy vision
• Avoid sugar and foods high in saturated fats, as they can lead to diseases like diabetes,
which can affect the vision.
• Take essential vitamins and other micronutrients required for healthy vision, such
as A, C and E, and zinc, which can slow the development of Age-Related Macular
• Consume dark green, leafy vegetables like spinach and yellow fruits and vegetables
like corn and peaches, which are sources of lutein and zeaxanthin and can lower the risk
• Quit smoking, as smoking is a major risk factor for many eye conditions.
• Wear sunglasses to protect the eyes from ultraviolet (UV) rays, which have been linked
to the formation of cataracts,
• Exercise regularly - it may reduce the risk of eye conditions like AMD & glaucoma.
Have an annual eye examination to catch vision problems early!