What is Conjunctivitis?

Inflammation or infection of the transparent membrane (conjunctiva) is called Conjunctivitis that lines the eyelid and covers the white part of the eyeball. When small blood vessels in the conjunctiva become inflamed, they become visible. This makes, the whites of your eyes appear reddish or pink

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Conjunctivitis is commonly caused by a bacterial or viral infection, which may be infectious or non-Infectious. Infectious conjunctivitis can be caused by bacteria or viruses and is highly contagious. Non-infectious conjunctivitis can be caused by allergies, chemical irritation or trauma. Though conjunctivitis can be irritating, it rarely affects one's vision. Treatment can help ease the discomfort. Being contagious, early diagnosis and treatment can help limit its spread.

Symptoms differ based on the cause of the Inflammation but may Include:

• Redness with itching in the white of the eye or inner eyelid

• Increased amount of tears

• Itchy eyes

• A discharge in one or both the eyes that forms a crust during the night and may prevent your eye or eyes from opening in the morning

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Tips to prevent the spread of conjunctivitis

• Apply a cool water compress to your eyes by soaking a clean cloth in water and gently applying to the closed eyelids.

• Avoid wearing contact lenses.

• Practice good hygiene by washing your hands often.             

• Avoid touching the eyes with your hands, instead use a clean towel. Conjunctivitis is easily  transmitted from one eye to the other eye and visa versa 

  Change pillowcases frequently.

• Avoid applying eye cosmetics, such as mascara.

• Consult an ophthalmologist for preventive eye drops if there is an outbreak of conjunctivitis.