Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive, degenerative disorder of the central nervous system, including the brain, optic nerve, and spinal cord. Symptoms occur when the connections between the brain and the body’s nerves are damaged. The cause of the disease is unknown. Experts say this is an autoimmune disease, in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. This process destroys myelin – the fatty substance that coats and protects never fibers in the brain and spinal cord.
Numbness or weakness in one or more limbs, double vision or blurring of vision, pain in parts of the body, dizziness occurring with certain head movements, slurred speech are few symptoms observed.
• Eat healthy. Adopt a diet rich in omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish, plant-based oils, and flaxseed.
• Exercise daily. Just 30 minutes of moderate physical activity like walking will reduce fatigue and stress.
• Get enough vitamin D. Its deficiency can cause rickets, leading to soft bones and deformities.
• Stay cool by running cold water on your wrists, staying in air-conditioned areas, swimming, and drinking cold beverages. This helps manage the temperature levels of the body.
• Relieve stress. Activities such as yoga, massage, meditation, or deep breathing -or just listening to music – can help manage stress and keep you fit.
• Get plenty of rest. Fatigue is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis. Although generally, it’s unrelated to your activity level, resting may make you feel less tired.
• Stop smoking as this is strongly tied to the risk of multiple sclerosis. Continuing to smoke once you have MS seems to increase the damage to the brain.
• Take care of your health. Have regular check-ups, at least annually. MS can be more complicated if a person has diabetes, high blood pressure, or other chronic health conditions.