Fatty liver or steatosis refers to the build-up of fat in the liver. Having some fat in the liver is normal when fat is more than 5-10%, it is called fatty liver disease.
Fatty liver disease occurs when the liver has trouble breaking down fats, causing fat to build up in the liver tissue. The disease can sometimes lead to serious liver problems, such as liver cancer & cirrhosis. The condition can be caused by drinking too much alcohol or sometimes maybe unrelated to alcohol. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is usually a result of being overweight & is particularly common among men and people with diabetes.
Tips to reduce the risk of fatty liver disease.
• Lose weight. If you are overweight or obese, reduce the number of calories you consume each day, and increase your physical activity.
• Choose a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
• Exercise and be active. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise most days of the week. A brisk walk is the simplest way to control weight.
• Control diabetes. Follow the doctor's instructions and take medications as directed. Monitor the blood sugar closely.
• Lower your cholesterol. A healthy plant-based diet, exercise, and medications can help keep your cholesterol and your triglycerides at healthy levels.
•Limit or avoid added sugars, white bread, white rice, sugary drinks, and sweets. Reducing daily carbohydrate consumption helps reduce the overall calorie intake and control weight.
• Avoid processed foods including white flour, oily foods, fast foods, and junk foods.
• Drink plenty of water. It keeps you hydrated and removes waste from the body.
• Stop drinking alcohol. This can help to reverse alcoholic fatty liver disease.
• Follow the instructions for all medications and over-the-counter drugs.