A person is said to be obese if one's Body Mass Index (BMI) is over 30. If the BMI is over 40, the person is considered to be severely obese. Bariatric Surgery Obesity occurs when calories from one's food and drink are more than the energy expended through normal daily activities and exercise. The body stores these extra calories as fat. New diets, pills, and exercises are available every day. But most of these weight-loss strategies fail to produce results.
According to studies, compared to all other weight loss methods, weight loss surgery or bariatric surgery offers the longest period of sustained weight loss in people who are overweight or obese.
Bariatric surgery refers to a series of weight loss procedures that an obese individual can undergo in order to reduce food intake, leading to a loss of weight. In bariatric surgery, weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or by removing a portion of the stomach or by re-routing the small intestines to a small stomach pouch.
Risk Factors - Bariatric Surgery
Short term risks
• Excess bleeding
• Breathing problems
• Blood clots.
Long term risks
• Bowel obstruction
• Low blood sugar
• Malnutrition or stomach ulcers
Smoking increases the risk of pulmonary embolism, so it is essential to quit smoking at least 2 months before surgery, preferably earlier.
Benefits of Bariatric Surgery
*Long term Weight loss solution
*Can lose half or even more of the excess weight within two years
*Improves, and resolves conditions related to obesity like heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, or stroke
*improves the ability to perform routine daily activities, which enhances the quality of work life.