Peptic ulcers

Peptic ulcers are a common health problem they are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, esophagus, and small 'intestine' as a result of erosion due to stomach acids. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is upper abdominal pain which can be dull, sharp or burning. Vomiting, poor appetite, and nausea are some uncommon symptoms of peptic ulcer. 

Peptic ulcers occur when acid in the digestive tract eats away the inner surface of the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine. The acid can create a painful open sore that may bleed. The common causes of peptic ulcer include: 

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Bacterial infection - Helicobacter pylon, which commonly lives in the mucous layer that covers and protects tissues. Sometimes it can cause inflammation of the stomach's inner layer, producing an ulcer.


• Excess use of pain relievers


• Other treatments like being too long on breathing machines or radiation

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Tips to reduce the risk of peptic ulcers    

                                                                                        

* Wash vegetables and fruits properly before use.


* Wash your hands frequently and eat foods that have been cooked thoroughly to avoid infections.


* Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Eating vitamin-rich foods make it easier for the body to clean the ulcers.


* Limit over-the-counter pain relievers. Consult a doctor for advice on safer pain relievers.


* Avoid smoking and other tobacco products. People who regularly smoke or use tobacco are more likely to develop peptic ulcers compared to a non-smoker.


* Avoid alcohol consumption. Regular and heavy drinkers have a higher risk of developing peptic ulcers.