Hemorrhoids or piles are swollen and inflamed veins in the anus and lower rectum. This occurs when the veins in and around the anus and the lower rectum stretch and swell due to pressure. While the condition is usually not serious, it can sometimes hurt, itch, or bleed. Hemorrhoids are more likely to occur as one gest older because the tissues supporting the veins in the area weaken and strength with aging.
Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids include painless bleeding during bowel movements, itching or irritation in the region, pain or discomfort, and swelling or pain or discomfort, and swelling or a lump near the anus which may be sensitive or painful.
Tips to prevent hemorrhoids and reduce its symptoms
• The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep the stools soft, so they pass easily. Eat high-fiber foods like fruits, leafy vegetables, and whole grains to keep It soft and avoid straining. Add fiber to the diet gradually to avoid gas.
• Drink plenty of fluids. Drink 6-8 glasses of water every day.
• Don't strain or hold the breath when trying to pass stools as it creates pressure in the veins in the lower rectum.
• Do not wait to pass a bowel movement or strain when the urge has gone. Go Immediately.
• Stay active to prevent constipation and reduce pressure on veins. Exercise can help lose excess weight that may contribute to hemorrhoids.
• Avoid reading in the bathroom and leave as soon as done.
• Sitting and standing for long periods can increase the pressure on the veins in the anus. Take frequent breaks and short walks.
• The mild pain, swelling, and inflammation of hemorrhoids can often be relieved with home treatments like soaking the anal area in warm water for 10- 15 minutes two to three times a day and applying ice packs or cold compresses to relieve swelling.
Hemorrhoid symptoms often go away within a week. Consult the doctor if you don't get relief in a week or if you experience large amounts of rectal bleeding, dizziness, or faintness. Chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids may cause anemia