Common Occupational Hazards in the Manufacturing Sector

Suggested Tests ForCommon Occupational Hazards in the Manufacturing Sector

    Occupational Hazard/

    Hazardous Process

    Test Suggested

    Frequency of Test


    A.1  Noise at work 


             This results in hearing damage         or permanent noise/hearing         impairment

    A.1.   Audio sensitivity test /                     Audiometry  test

    A.1.  Half-yearly for employees       

             working in noisy environments


    A.2    Yearly for all employees

    B.1 Dust


            This consists of all types of         particles that are easily carried in         the air and are harmful to health

    B.1.  Pulmonary Function Test (PFT)


    B.2.  Liver Function Test

    B.1.   Half-yearly for employees             working in a heavy dust             environment


    B.2.    Yearly for all employees

    C.1 Hazardous Process 


            This results in skin damage due         to cuts or contact with irritating         substances.


    C1. Lab Tests to ascertain levels or           skin prick tests for employees                 working with hazardous            substance

    C.2. Skin Examination by Physician            for other employees


    C.1.   Half-yearly for employees                      exposed to hazardous             processes         or substances.

    C.2. Yearly for all employees


    D.1 Welding


            Inhaling fumes released during         welding is bad for health.         Possible exposure to UV         radiation during electric welding         can be harmful to eyes and skin.


    D.1 Pulmonary Function Test (PFT)

    D.2 Thyroid-stimulating Hormone             (TSH) Test

    D.3 Eye Test

    D.1 Yearly for all employees or as                  suggested by Physicians

    E.1 Temperature


            Working at high temperatures or         with hot products may reduce         performance or may be         damaging to health.


    E.1. Skin Examination

    E.2. Electrocardiogram (ECG)

    E.1. Yearly for all employees

    F.1 Working with Sharp Objects


            When working with sharp         objects, materials, or tools it is         necessary to protect hands,         wrists, and forearms.


    F.1. TT injection

    F.1. Yearly for all employees

    G.1 Working at Heights


            A fall from a great height is the         most common occupational         accident. Danger of fall exists at         a workplace where there is a risk         of falling from 2.5 meters or         more. A higher risk could even              result in fatalities.


    G.1 Blood Sugar levels

    G.2 Complete Blood Profile

    G.3 Eye Test

    G.4 Blood Pressure

    G.5 ECG

    G.1 Half Yearly

    H.1 Ionizing Radiation 


            This includes jobs of Industrial         radiographers, Gas mantle         workers, Luminous watch         workers


    H.1 General examination

    H.2 Blood Test 

    H.1. Once every 14 months 

    I.1 Asbestos 


            This includes jobs of Asbestos         workers (lagging and de-lagging         of boilers), Demolition workers,

            Service Mechanics (repairing         clutch linings)


    I.1. General examination

    I.2. Chest X-ray 

    I.1. Yearly

    J.1 Controlled Carcinogenic         Substances 


            This includes jobs of dryers,         tanners


    J.1. General examination

    J.2. Urine Cytology 

    J.1. Half Yearly

    K.1 Compressed Air Work

    K.1. Chest X-ray & Lock Test

    K.2. X-ray joints (>1bar)

    K.3. General examination 


    K.1. Pre-employment

    K.2. First examination within 4                         weeks after employment.                           Thereafter, yearly

    K.3. Once every 3 months (1bar) 

    K.4. Once every 4 weeks (>1 bar) 


    L.1 Mines, Quarries, and                            Tunnelling Work 

            This includes jobs of miners and         quarry workers

    L.1. General examination

    L.2. Chest X-ray

    L.3. Audiometric Test


    L.1 Yearly

    M.1 Use of Toxic Metals         (cadmium, manganese, lead         or mercury)


            Used for battery manufacturing


    M.1 General examination

    M.2 Blood test / Urine Test 

    M.1 Half Yearly for workers exposed             to lead

    M.2 Yearly for others

    N.1 Use of Lasers 


            Used for alignment in car repairs         and cutting in the garment         industry,         for engraving in         electronic parts         and         components


    N.1. General examination

    N.2. Eye Test 

    N.1. Yearly

    O.1 Use of paints, lacquer,         adhesive and Cleaning         Solvent containing benzene 


            Used for furniture & accessories         by carpenters, 


            Use of cleaning solvent in car         repairing, printing industry, toy         making industry

    O.1. General examination

    O.2. Blood Test

    O.3. Urine Test

    O.1. Yearly

    P.1 Tin/Lead Soldering


            Used for electronic parts and         components

    P.1. General examination

    P.2. Blood Test 

    P.1. Half Yearly

    Q.1 Use of Industrial Pesticides 


            This includes handling of         insecticides, fungicides,         herbicides, etc. (exposure to         arsenic, mercury,         organophosphates)


    Q.1. General examination

    Q.2. Chest X-ray

    Q.3. Blood Test/ Urine Test 

    Q.1. Half Yearly for workers exposed             to organophosphates

    Q.2. Yearly for other industrial             pesticide workers


    R.1 Opening, blowing, carding         and spinning of Raw Cotton 


            Used in the textile industry


    R.1. General examination

    R.2. Lung Function Test 

    R.1. Yearly

    S.1 Use of MDI/TDI for making         foam or foam mold 


            Used for polyurethane foam         manufacturing, toy making,         furniture & accessories, cargo         transport, construction of         insulation walls


    S.1. General examination

    S.2. Lung Function Test 

    S.3. Yearly

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